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New observations along the continental shelf of Western Australia provide a novel explanation for the established ∼60 years relationship between Leeuwin Current (LC) strength and greater winter nitrate concentrations at 32°S plus the inter-annual variation in the magnitude of the annual, shelf-scale, phytoplankton bloom. The potential source of dissolved nitrogen to support the annual shelf scale phytoplankton bloom was identified as thin layers of an unprecedented areal extent, nitrate concentration and shallow nature that were observed off the northwest of Australia. We propose that the dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) in these layers enters the LC at depth and then enters the euphotic zone via by three mechanisms: instability that results in a warm core eddy, cooling that deepens the surface mixed layer and shallowing of the thin layer. During the onset of the annual phytoplankton bloom along the west coast of Australia from 22°S to 34°S the poleward flowing LC was clearly evident as a surface intensified ocean boundary current transporting warmer, lower-salinity, greater-silicate waters in a shallow mixed layer rapidly southward. Between 24 and 26°S the core of the LC was present as a 50–100 m deep layer over one or more thin layers, 15–50 m thick, with high nitrate and low dissolved oxygen (DO). These layers were of lower salinity, cooler water with markedly reduced DO, high nitrate concentrations and distinct nitrate:silicate (NO3:Si(OH)4) nutrient ratios. As the LC flowed south it cooled and deepened thereby entraining the thin layers of high nitrate water into the euphotic zone. The LC also formed large (greater than 100 km diameter) warm core eddies with a deep surface mixed layer that also entrained nitrate from these thin layers. In some locations as far south as 32°S the LC was still present with the thin layer of high nitrate intact but now within the euphotic zone. Thus, the available evidence suggests the LC arises under conditions that favour rapid and shallow nitrification. This nitrification fuels a shelf-scale bloom on a downwelling favourable coast. Depending upon the rate of nitrification the source of the particular organic matter may be local or delivered from the tropics via horizontal advection in a subsurface layer of the LC.  相似文献
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采用恒电流极化、线性极化和表面分析技术研究了Q235钢在低温低溶解氧流动海水中阴 极保护初期钙质层的形成情况.结果表明,在低温低氧流动条件下150~800mA/m2极化电流密度都可以达到Q235钢的最低保护电位,但钙质层难以形成,要得到致密良好的钙质层需要在阴极保护初期提高极化电流密度.低温低氧条件下钙质层的主要成分是CaCO3,Mg(OH)2形成不明显.  相似文献
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夏季刺参大面积死亡正逐渐呈现常态化趋势,不仅造成了巨大的经济损失,同时使刺参资源严重衰退,制约了刺参产业的良性发展,其原因亟待揭示。本文从高温、低氧、低盐、硫化物、氨氮及藻类腐烂等环境因素,以及种质因素、病原因素、人为因素共四方面阐述了夏季刺参大面积死亡的原因,提出"建设工程化"、"养殖机械化"、"监测自动化"及"管理智能化"的应对理念,进而通过培育抗逆良种、调查关键指标并建立风险预警体系、构建综合养殖系统、完善应急处置方案、提高现代养殖技术等应对措施,综合应对夏季极端天气的威胁,为保证刺参健康度夏提供科学参考。  相似文献
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采用化学裂解法从乳山湾外海溶氧低值区不同溶解氧质量浓度(3.7~7.0mg.L-1)的6个站位海水样品中提取了环境DNA样品。以试剂盒纯化后的DNA样品为模板扩增其16SrRNA基因V3区,通过变性梯度凝胶电泳、分子文库构建及DNA测序对溶氧低值区海水中的细菌群落结构进行研究。结果表明,乳山湾外海溶氧低值区不同溶解氧质量浓度的6个站位底层海水样品中的细菌群落结构是相似的,它们均由隶属于Alteromonas(交替单胞菌属)、Salegentibacter(需盐杆菌属)等10个属的18种细菌组成。系统发育分析发现这些细菌分别属于α变形菌纲(2种)、γ变形菌纲(12种)和黄杆菌纲(3种)三个大类。在乳山湾外海溶氧低值区的海水样品中细菌多样性最高的类群是γ变形菌纲。  相似文献
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