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1.
夏季青岛近海浮游动物种类组成、群落结构及多样性   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
2006年7月在青岛近海海域(35°19′~36°35′N, 119°50′~121°33′E)进行浮游动物采样调查,研究了青岛近海浮游动物的种类组成、群落结构及多样性.调查共鉴定浮游动物48种,浮游幼虫18类.种类数的平面分布为灵山湾、琅琊台湾附近海区较多,其他海区较少.优势种类有中华哲水蚤(Calanus sinicus)、强壮箭虫(Sagitta crassa)、拟长脚虫戎(Parathemisto gaudichaudi)、长尾类幼虫(Macrura larvae)和短尾类幼虫(Brachyura larvae).调查海区近岸暖温类群、近岸暖水类群、近岸低盐类群、温带外海类群四种生态类群共存,但以近岸暖温类群为主.浮游动物丰度、生物量的水平分布趋势与表层温度、盐度的水平分布趋势相似,都从调查海区的外海区向近岸逐渐降低;Shannon-weiner多样性指数与Pielou均匀度指数水平分布趋势与表层温度、盐度相反,从青岛近岸向调查海区外海逐渐降低.与该区域1959年同月份的调查数据相比,浮游动物主要种类组成、丰度、生物量差别不大,主要种类中华哲水蚤丰度有较大的增加.  相似文献   

2.
珠江口浮游动物的群落动态及数量变化   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15  
根据2002年4月至2003年6月珠江口10个航次的调查资料,分析了丰水期(4—9月)和枯水期(10—3月)浮游动物的种类组成、优势种、群落结构、丰度和生物量的时空变化。经鉴定共有终生浮游动物71种和阶段性浮游幼虫7个类群。刺尾纺锤水蚤Acartia spinicauda是丰水期和枯水期皆出现的优势种。调查区的浮游动物可划分为河口类群、近岸类群、广布外海类群和广温广盐类群。丰水期浮游动物的平均丰度(1 131 ind.m-3)高于枯水期(700 ind.m-3),枯水期浮游动物的平均生物量(382 mg.m-3)高于丰水期(203 mg.m-3),浮游动物的丰度和生物量呈明显的斑块状分布。盐度是影响浮游动物种类、丰度和生物量分布的主要因素。  相似文献   

3.
2012年10月对辽河河口10个站点的浮游动物进行了调查,分析了该海域浮游动物的种类组成、生物量、优势种类、群落结构及浮游动物与环境因子的关系。调查海域共发现浮游动物17种(不含浮游幼虫)。优势种包括小拟哲水蚤(Paracalanus parvus)、长尾住囊虫(Oikopleura longicauda)、异体住囊虫(Oikopleura dioica)、中华哲水蚤(Calanus sinicus)。浮游动物丰度平均值为3.06×104ind./m3,生物量为147.6 mg/m3。调查海域浮游动物可分为广温广盐群落和广温低盐群落。辽河输入的冲淡水和无机氮是影响浮游动物群落分布的主要因素,这种影响局限于辽河口附近。  相似文献   

4.
为掌握黄河口邻近水域中小型浮游动物的现状并弥补此类重要浮游生物类群在以往调查研究中的欠缺, 于2010 年9 月在黄河口及其邻近海域用浅水Ⅱ型浮游生物网采集了浮游动物样品, 分析了中小型浮游动物的种类组成、丰度分布、优势种、生物多样性及群落结构。本次调查共鉴定浮游动物成体48 种, 浮游幼虫21 类, 桡足类和水螅水母为最主要的浮游动物类群, 分别占浮游动物成体种数的37.5%和20.8%。浮游动物丰度为2 300.1~266 232.0 个/m3, 平均丰度为37 074.3 个/m3。优势种(类)8种, 分别为夜光虫、强额拟哲水蚤、小拟哲水蚤、背针胸刺水蚤、异体住囊虫、桡足类无节幼虫、双壳类幼体以及腹足类幼体, 其中夜光虫为研究水域最主要优势种。对各站位物种组成和丰度进行分析,调查水域中小型浮游动物可划分为4 个组群, 各组群的分布格局受到水温、盐度和海流的共同影响。该研究为此水域生态系统的长期变化研究提供了重要基础资料和参考依据。  相似文献   

5.
本研究基于2017年秋季在渤海湾海域以浅水Ⅰ型浮游生物网采集的浮游动物样品,分析了浮游动物的种类组成、丰度分布和生物多样性;通过结合现场获取的环境参数,探讨了环境因子与浮游动物群落特征之间的关系。结果如下:秋季浮游动物调查共鉴定各类浮游动物22种、浮游幼虫6类,合计种类数为28。桡足类为最为优势的类群,其在浮游动物的物种丰富度中占46.4%。渤海湾秋季浮游动物的优势种类共5个,包括中华哲水蚤、小拟哲水蚤、真刺唇角水蚤、近缘大眼水蚤和强壮箭虫。秋季浮游动物平均丰度为86.9 ind./m3,平均湿重生物量为640.7 mg/m3,香农-威纳指数和物种丰富度指数分别为1.87和1.08。浮游动物丰度与环境因子间的相关性分析表明,秋季影响渤海湾海域浮游动物分布的主要环境因子组合为盐度、叶绿素和浊度。与同期历史数据相比,浮游动物的丰度和生物量均有所下降。  相似文献   

6.
流沙湾海草床海域浮游动物的群落 结构和季节变化   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
2008年2—11月采用浅水Ⅰ型浮游生物网对广东省流沙湾海草床海域的浮游动物进行了周年的季节调查, 研究了其群落结构、季节变化及影响因素。结果表明, 流沙湾海草床海域浮游动物共有49种和13类浮游幼虫, 群落结构主要由桡足类和浮游幼虫所组成。优势种共有20种(类), 4季均为优势种的种类有2种: 针刺拟哲水蚤、小拟哲水蚤。年均丰度和生物量分别为84.8ind/m3和132.2mg/m3, 高峰期位于夏季, 低谷位于冬季, 周年变化基本上为单峰型。浮游动物生物量与丰度、pH值呈显著的正相关, 与叶绿素a和水温呈较明显的相关性, 而生物量和丰度与盐度和PO43?呈负相关, 与其它环境因子相关性不明显。  相似文献   

7.
根据2015年夏(8月)、秋(10月)2季在诏安湾及毗邻海域开展的30个站浮游动物监测资料,研究了该海域浮游动物的种类组成、数量分布和多样性.结果显示:共鉴定浮游动物103种和浮游幼体24类,桡足类为绝对优势的类群.优势种有14种,锥形宽水蚤(Temora turbinata)、异体住囊虫(Oikopleura dioica)和强额孔雀水蚤(Parvocalanus crassirostris)是该海域重要的优势种群.生态类群以近岸暖水类群和外海广布类群为主.夏季浮游动物丰度平均为761个/m3,秋季为81个/m3;夏季浮游动物生物量平均为237mg/m3,秋季为52 mg/m3.夏季浮游动物种类数、丰度、生物量及变化幅度均明显高于秋季,夏季湾外浮游动物种类数、丰度、生物量及变化幅度均明显大于湾内,秋季湾外浮游动物种类数、丰度及变化幅度均明显大于湾内,夏、秋季浮游动物种类数和丰度总体分布均呈现由湾内往湾外逐渐增加趋势.夏季浮游动物多样性指数平均为2.46,秋季为3.14.与历史资料比较:本次调查海域浮游动物种类数和平均丰度均有较大幅度升高,但平均生物量有较大幅度下降.  相似文献   

8.
以2015年5月(春季)和10月(秋季)在日照岚山港北作业区邻近海域进行的浮游动物调查数据为例,分析了该海域浮游动物的群落结构特征。调查海域两季共发现浮游动物成体20种,浮游幼虫7类,其中春季成体12种,浮游幼虫4类,秋季成体19种,浮游幼虫6类;春、秋两季调查浮游动物平均丰度分别为128.1 ind./m3、103.3 ind./m3;平均生物量(湿重)分别为1 129.9 mg/m3、954.3 mg/m3;平均多样性指数分别为2.39、2.01;平均丰富度指数分别为0.85、1.21;平均均匀度指数分别为0.87、0.62;春季调查优势种为强壮箭虫(Sagitta crassa)、中华哲水蚤(Calanus sinicus)、真刺唇角水蚤(Labibocera euchaeta)、太平洋纺锤水蚤(Acartia pacifica)、球型侧腕水母(Pleurobrachia globosa),秋季调查优势种为太平洋纺锤水蚤、小齿海樽(Doliolum denticulatum)、强壮箭虫、真刺唇角水蚤;聚类分析表明,调查海域浮游动物可划分为3个群落。本研究可为深入研究该海域浮游动物群落结构提供重要的基础数据。  相似文献   

9.
2014年4月、7月、10月和2015年1月分别对硇洲岛大型海藻场附近海域的浮游动物进行了季节调查,分析了浮游动物的种类组成、优势种、群落结构、丰度和生物量的季节变化及影响因素。结果共检出浮游动物91种和浮游幼虫36种,隶属于17大类群。其4个季节的平均丰度和生物量分别为186.5 ind/m3和431.0 mg/m3,高峰期均位于夏季,低谷位于冬季。优势种共有19种(类)。生物多样性分析表明,研究海域浮游动物具有较高的均匀度(0.74),生物多样性指数较高(3.14)。根据聚类分析结果,可将调查海区的浮游动物在38%相似性水平上划分为4组,浮游动物的群落组成呈较明显的季节变化。组群的组内相似性和组间非相似性均大于50%,对组内相似性及组间非相似性起主要贡献的种类有37种。通过生物-环境匹配(BIOENV)分析,水温、盐度、浮游植物丰度和叶绿素a浓度是影响浮游动物群落结构的环境因子。  相似文献   

10.
根据2016年7月和2017年1月在黄海进行的57个站位的调查数据,研究了大型网采集的浮游动物的种类组成、丰度、生物量、群落聚类、优势种、多样性、均匀度、丰富度以及与环境因子的关系。本次调查共鉴定出浮游动物97种,其中夏季67种,冬季76种。该海区夏季浮游动物的丰度和生物量的高值区分布在黄海冷水团和长江口附近海域,冬季分布在黄海暖流主轴部分。根据各站位的地理位置和浮游动物相似程度,对黄海浮游动物Cluster聚类和MDS多维定标分析,将夏季划分为4个群落,将冬季划分为3个群落。共计有8个优势种类,夏季的优势种多为桡足类,冬季除中华哲水蚤(Calanus sinicus)优势度占绝对优势外,其余优势种的优势度较为相近。将浮游动物的丰度、生物量和生物多样性指数和环境因子做相关性分析得出:温度、盐度是影响黄海浮游动物群落结构的主要影响因子。  相似文献   

11.
2010年夏季雷州半岛沿岸海域浮游动物群落结构特征   总被引:4,自引:1,他引:3  
2010年7月对雷州半岛海岸带的浮游动物群落结构及相关环境因子进行了调查,共鉴定出浮游动物87种和34类浮游幼体,其中原生动物4种,占总种类数的4.6%;腔肠动物20种,占总种类数的23.0%;介形类1种,占总种类数的1.1%;枝角类2种,占总种类数的2.3%;桡足类37种,占总种类数的42.5%;十足类2种,占总种类数的2.3%;毛颚动物7种,占总种类数的8.0%;被囊动物6种,占总种类数的6.9%;浮游软体动物8种,占总种类数的9.2%。优势种有13种和3类浮游幼体,孔雀强额哲水蚤和小毛猛水蚤是该海域重要的优势种群,几乎在全海域均为优势种,桡足类幼体为全海域优势类群。半岛沿岸海域浮游动物种类数由近岸往远岸逐渐增多,浮游动物丰度分布则相反。浮游动物种类数由多到少的顺序为东北部、东南部、西北部和西南部、南部,丰度由大到小的顺序为西北部、西南部、东北部、东南部、南部,生物量由大到小的顺序为东北部、西南部、西北部、东南部、南部,浮游动物丰度和生物量的平面分布反映了人类对海岸带开发利用的活动概貌。多样性指数和均匀度平均值分别为2.96和0.57。相关分析表明:浮游动物丰度与水温、细菌总数、浮游动物生物量均呈极显著的正相关关系,与磷酸盐呈显著的负相关关系;浮游动物生物量与TOC、细菌总数、叶绿素a、浮游植物丰度均呈极显著的正相关关系,与pH呈显著的正相关关系,与盐度呈显著的负相关关系。  相似文献   

12.
根据2013年8月(夏季)和2014年5月(春季)在曹妃甸邻近海域的调查资料,研究了浮游动物群落的种类组成、丰度、生物量、优势种和多样性的时空变化特征,分析了其与环境因子的关系,并结合2004年调查资料对比分析了浮游动物丰度和优势种的变化特征及围填海的影响。结果表明,研究海域浮游动物共鉴定得到31种(类),以桡足类和浮游幼体为主,优势种主要包括双刺纺锤水蚤(Acartia bifilosa)、小拟哲水蚤(Paracalanus parvus)、拟长腹剑水蚤(Oithona similis)和桡足类幼体(Copepodid larva)等。春季的浮游动物丰度和生物量均高于夏季,多样性和均匀度指数均低于夏季。浮游动物丰度的空间分布主要受温度、叶绿素a(Chl-a)等环境因子影响,春季基本为近岸高、远岸低的空间分布规律,夏季则相反,基本为近岸低、远岸高的空间分布规律。与2004年相比,本次调查春季和夏季的浮游动物丰度明显下降,可能与浮游植物丰度及DIP浓度降低有关。春季,西侧、东侧海域的浮游动物丰度分别明显降低、升高,与围填海后营养盐重新分布促进了东侧海域浮游植物增殖有关。夏季则主要受河流输入影响,浮游动物丰度的变化不具有空间差异。  相似文献   

13.
This paper examines spatial and temporal variations of mesozooplankton abundance, biomass and community structure during three cruises of July 2002 (summer), January 2003 (winter), and April 2003 (spring) in the Pearl River estuary, China. Zooplankton abundance and biomass fluctuated widely and showed distinct heterogeneity in the Pearl River estuary. A total of 154 species were identified during three surveys. The number of zooplankton species richness was strongly linked to salinity. Hierarchical cluster analysis identified three zooplankton groups during this study. Estuarine, neritic and pelagic groups corresponded to the upper, middle and lower reaches in the Pearl River estuary. The difference among groups could be mainly ascribed to changes in the relative contributions of the dominant species. The fluctuations in the zooplankton abundance, biomass and community structure were determined by the interactive effects of freshwater inflow, tidal and coastal currents, chlorophyll a, salinity and temperature. Significant spatial variability in the distribution of zooplankton species, abundance and biomass can be ascribed to the virtual presence of a horizontal gradient in salinity.  相似文献   

14.
Seasonal variations in zooplankton abundance,biomass,species diversity and community structure were investigated in the Sanmen Bay,China.Samples were collected from 15 stations,on the seasonal basis,in April(spring),July(summer) and October 2005(autumn) and January 2006(winter),respectively.The results show that zooplankton species number,abundance and biomass varied widely and had distinct spatial heterogeneity in the Sanmen Bay.A total of 72 species of zooplankton belonging to 56 genera and 17 groups of pelagic larvae were identified.The zooplankton species richness was strongly related to salinity.Based on hierarchical cluster analysis,zooplankton in this study area were classified into three groups:coastal,neritic and pelagic groups,which corresponded to the upper,middle and lower portion of the Sanmen Bay,respectively.The coastal low-saline species were dominant in the study area.The zooplankton abundance and biomass reached a peak in summer,moderate in spring and autumn,and the lowest in winter.Zooplankton abundance decreased from the upper to lower portion of the bay in April,when the highest biomass occurred in the middle portion of the bay.There were the same spatial distribution patterns for the biomass and abundance in July,with the maximum in the middle of the bay.However,zooplankton abundance was the highest in the middle of the bay in October,when maximum biomass occurred near the lower of the bay.Zooplankton abundance and biomass were evenly distributed in the Sanmen Bay in January.Spatial and temporal variations in zooplankton and their relationship with environmental factors were also analyzed.The BIOENV results indicate that the combination of chlorophyll a(Chl-a),salinity,dissolved inorganic nitrogen(DIN),dissolved oxygen(DO) and silicate(SiO3) was responsible for the variations in zooplankton community structure in the Sanmen Bay.The environmental changes played an important role in changes in the zooplankton community structure in the Sanmen Bay.  相似文献   

15.
Samples were collected with a plankton net in the four seasonal cruises during 2006-2007 to study the seasonal variability of the zooplankton community in the southwest part of Huanghai Sea Cold Water Mass (HSCWM, Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass). The spatial and temporal variations of zooplankton species composition, biomass, abundance and biodiversity were examined. A total of 122 zooplankton species and 30 pelagic larvae were identified in the four cruises. Calanus sinicus and Aidanosagitta crassa were the most dominant species, and Themisto gaudichaudi and Euphausia pacifica were widely distributed in the HSCWM area. The spatial patterns of non-gelatinous zooplankton (removing the high water content groups) were similar to those of the total zooplankton biomass in autumn, but different significantly in the other three seasons. The seasonal means of zooplankton biomass in spring and summer were much higher than that in autumn and winter. The total zooplankton abundance averaged 283.5 ind./m~3 in spring (highest), 192.5 ind./m~3 in summer, 165.5 ind./m~3 in autumn and 65.9 ind./m~3 in winter (lowest), and the non-gelatinous groups contributed the most total abundance. Correlation analysis suggests that the non-gelatinous zooplankton biomass and abundance had a significant positive correlation in the whole year, but the relationship was insignificant between the total zooplankton biomass and abundance in spring and summer. The diversity index H of zooplankton community averaged 1.88 in this study, which was somewhat higher than historical results. Relatively low diversity in summer was related to the high dominance of Calanus sinicus, probably due to the strongest effect of the HSCWM in this season.  相似文献   

16.
印度尼西亚北苏拉威西蓝碧海峡浮游动物种类组成及分布   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Based on oceanographic survey data in June 2012 in the Lembeh Strait, the zooplankton ecological characteristics such as species composition, individual abundance, dominant species and distribution were analyzed. The results showed that 183 species(including 4 sp.) had been recognized, most of them belonged to copepoda.Cnidaria followed with 43 species(including 1 sp.) were identified. The average abundance of zooplankton was(150.47±58.91) ind./m~3. As to the horizontal distribution, the abundance of the zooplankton was higher in the southern waters than in the northern waters. The dominant species in the study area were Lensia subtiloides,Sagitta enflata, Lucifer intermedius, Oikopleura rufescens, Diphyes chamissoni, Creseis acicula, Subeucalanus subcrassus, Temora discaudata, Aglaura hemistoma, Doliolum denticulatum, Canthocalanus pauper, Oikopleura longicauda and Nanomia bijuga. Zooplankton biodiversity indexes were higher in study area than previous study in the other regions. The findings from this study provide important baseline information for future research and monitoring programs.  相似文献   

17.
广东省南澳海域是粤东重要的海产养殖基地, 分析该海域浮游动物群落结构特征对评估其生态环境质量具有重要意义。文章根据2014年9月(秋季)、12月(冬季)、2015年4月(春季)和2016年7月(夏季)在南澳岛东部海域的浮游动物调查, 分析该海域浮游动物的群落结构特征, 探讨环境因素对其时空分布的影响。共鉴定浮游动物206种(包括浮游幼虫), 桡足类种数最多, 达94种; 远岸海域浮游动物的种数高于近岸海域。浮游动物丰度和生物量的季节变化明显, 夏、秋季高于冬、春季; 浮游动物丰度和生物量的分布趋势较一致, 夏季高值区主要出现在近岸, 秋季由近岸向远岸海域递增。浮游动物不同类群和优势种的丰度也存在季节变化, 桡足类是调查期间丰度较高的类群, 秋季水母类和海樽类丰度明显增加; 优势种后圆真浮萤(Euconchoecia maimai)和针刺真浮萤(Euconchoecia aculeata)在夏季丰度高, 小齿海樽(Doliolum denticulatum)在秋季占绝对优势。温度、盐度和浮游植物生物量是影响南澳岛东部海域浮游动物时空变化的主要环境因子, 说明该海域浮游动物群落特征受海流、水团和养殖活动的综合影响。  相似文献   

18.
The invasive ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi (Agassiz), which was transported from the Black Sea into the Caspian Sea at the end of the 1990s, has negatively affected the ecosystem of the Caspian Sea. Zooplankton abundance, biomass and species composition were evaluated on the Iranian coast of the Caspian Sea during 2001–2006. A total of 18 merozooplankton (13 species composed of larvae of benthic animals) and holozooplankton (four Copepoda and one Cladocera) species were identified. The total number of zooplankton species found here was 50% less than in a previous investigation performed in the same region in 1996 before the introduction of Mnemiopsis leidyi into the Caspian Sea. Cladocera species seemed to be highly affected by the invasion of Mnemiopsis leidyi; only one species, Podon polyphemoides, remained in the study area, whereas 24 Cladocera species were found in the study carried out in 1996. Whereas among the Copepoda Eurytemora minor, Eurytemora grimmi, Calanipeda aquae dulcis and Acartia tonsa that were abundant before the Mnemiopsis leidyi invasion, only A. tonsa (copepodites and adults) dominated the inshore and offshore waters after the invasion. The maximum in zooplankton abundance (22,088 ± 24,840 ind·m?3) and biomass (64.1 ± 56.8 mg·m?3) were recorded in December 2001 and August 2004, respectively. The annual mean zooplankton abundance during 2001–2006 was in the range of 3361–8940 ind·m?3; this was two‐ to five‐fold less than the zooplankton abundance in 1996. During 2001–2006, the highest abundance and biomass of Mnemiopsis leidyi were observed during summer‐autumn months coincident with warm temperatures and generally when the abundance of other zooplankton organisms was low.  相似文献   

19.
于2009年4月15~23日在长江口及其邻近海域进行了32个站位的浮游动物生态调查,分析了浮游动物的种类组成、优势种、丰度和生物量的空间分布,并利用PRIMER生物统计学软件中的PCA、BIOENV和RELATE程序分析了浮游动物与环境因子的关系.共发现浮游动物成体72种,浮游幼虫9种,合计种类数为81.中华哲水蚤(C...  相似文献   

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