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1.
南海海盆新生代的构造演化史   总被引:6,自引:6,他引:51  
南海海盆地的地壳为洋壳,在新生代它经历了大西洋海底扩张的演化历史,海盆中有三个残留的海底扩张中心,并发生过两次海底扩张。第一次海底扩张发生在晚始新斩新世,扩张方向为北西-南东向,产生了南海西北海盆和西南海盆。  相似文献
2.
基于声传播时间的二维流场反演数值仿真研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
基于南海1998年夏季调查航次诊断计算的流函数场,选取越南以东偶极子发生海域,进行不同的声层析观测站位设置实验.模拟计算声线传播时间信息,然后应用基函数重建方法进行了流函数场的模拟反演研究,讨论了不同随机观测误差对反演结果的影响.研究结果表明该方法是可行的,在所选取的约833 km×833 km海域内,在观测海域外围配置19个声层析观测站位就能够很好地重构原流函数场,空间分辨率约为63.7 km,可以分辨模拟海域中尺度涡场结构,这是传统的基于海流计(CM)或声学多普勒剖面仪(ADCP)等观测方法所不能企及的.该观测技术和方法可以实际应用于近海大范围流场结构的遥感实时监测,为近海污染物等的扩散研究,海洋环境变化等提供实时观测流场资料.  相似文献
3.
This paper presents numerical simulations of viscous flow past a submarine model in steady turn by solving the Reynolds-Averaged Navier?Stokes Equations (RANSE) for incompressible, steady flows. The rotating coordinate system was adopted to deal with the rotation problem. The Coriolis force and centrifugal force due to the computation in a body-fixed rotating frame of reference were treated explicitly and added to momentum equations as source terms. Furthermore, velocities of entrances were coded to give the correct magnitude and direction needed. Two turbulence closure models (TCMs), the RNG model with wall functions and curvature correction and the Shear Stress Transport (SST) model without the use of wall functions, but with curvature correction and low-Re correction were introduced, respectively. Take DARPA SUBOFF model as the test case, a series of drift angle varying between 0° and 16° at a Reynolds number of 6.53×106 undergoing rotating arm test simulations were conducted. The computed forces and moment as a function of drift angle during the steady turn are mostly in close agreement with available experimental data. Though the difference between the pressure coefficients around the hull form was observed, they always show the same trend. It was demonstrated that using sufficiently fine grids and advanced turbulence models will lead to accurate prediction of the flow field as well as the forces and moments on the hull.  相似文献
4.
用样条函数计算结果研究冲绳海槽热源机制   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
对冲绳海槽1984-1990年的实测热流值,利用数字滤波方法计算,得到反映该区深部地壳热状态的区域热流值为80-160mW/m^2,用B样条函数法对其作数值模拟,计算出海槽地温场模式,并以此研究冲绳海槽海底高热流的形成机制,得出冲绳海槽热流值的区域性变化与綦中地质构造格局呈正相关,高热流是该区现代构造活动所致,其明显特征是地壳减薄,地幔上拱等结论。  相似文献
5.
船舶螺旋桨尾流场的数值分析   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:15  
利用基于速度势的低阶面元法计算船舶螺旋桨的尾流场。采用计算较为简捷的关于扰动速度势的基本积分微分方程,并采用双曲面形状的面凶以消除面元间的缝隙。Newton-Raphson迭代过程被用来在桨叶随边满足压力Kutta条件,使桨叶面上表面的压力在随边有良好的一致性。在计算面元的影响系数时,应用了Morino导出的解析计算公式,加快了数值计算的速度。从解面元法的基本积分方程得到的偶极强度和源汇强度,直接求得尾流场的速度分布。  相似文献
6.
In this study,characteristics of flow field and wave propagation near submerged breakwater on a sloping bed are investigated with numerical model. The governing equations of the vertical twodimensional model are Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes equations. The Reynolds stress terms are closed by a nonlinear k ε turbulence transportation model. The free surface is traced through the PILC-VOF method. The proposed numerical model is verified with experimental results. The numerical result shows that the wave pro...  相似文献
7.
人工鱼礁单体按不同的数量和排列方式组合投放会产生不同的流场效应。圆管型礁为目前黄渤海区增殖礁的重要礁体型式,为优化该礁体的投放数量与排列方式,选择了3种不同叠放个数(1个、3个和6个)的圆管礁,设定了5个流速梯度(4.5、9.0、13.5、18.0和22.5cm/s),利用PIV粒子图像测速技术和Fluent数值模拟软件对圆管型人工鱼礁的流场进行水槽模型试验和数值模拟。结果表明,数值模拟结果与水槽试验结果基本吻合,误差在20%以下,表明数值模拟能够反映人工鱼礁的流场效应;当礁体叠放个数一定时,最大上升流流速、上升流高度和上升流面积均随来流速度的增加而增大,背涡流面积呈现不规则的变化;当来流速度一定时,最大上升流流速、上升流面积、上升流高度和背涡流面积均随礁体叠放个数的增加而增大。  相似文献
8.
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the performance and three-dimensional flow fields in a water-jet pump. TASCflow is employed to simulate the rotator-stator coupling flow field. A standard k-ε turbulence model combined with standard wall functions is used. In order to investigate the effect of a rear stator on flow fields, the flows in two water-jet pumps with and without a rear stator are studied. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-predicted overall performances are in good agreement with the experimental results. Then the flow fields, such as the pressure distribution on the blade surfaces, and the axial and tangential velocity distribution, especially the radial loading distribution, are investigated at different flow rates. In addition, the effects of a rear stator and different spacings between the rotor and the stator on the overall performance and the flow fields of the water-jet pump are also investigated.  相似文献
9.
利用水电比拟方法模拟了南四湖流场结构。同时, 基于 HAMSOM 模式, 对其流场进行了数值模拟, 所得结果与水电比拟结果一致, 两者平均相关系数在 0.94 以上, 表明水电比拟实验技术路线可行, 流场基本结构准确。该方法适用于低流速大流场的模拟。流场结构分析表明, 湖区流速在汛期为 cm/s 量级, 非汛期仅为 mm/s 量级。 其中, 在南阳湖北部和独山湖东北部存在低流速区, 在独山湖、南阳湖连接区域和二级坝附近区域存在高流速区。本文中作者还研究了该湖的污染扩散状况, 低流速区水质相对较好, 高流速区水质相对较差, 为制定改善水质的方案提供了科学依据。  相似文献
10.
The optical characteristics of a black water river estuary from the north coast of Scotland were examined in the filtered (0.4 µm), ultrafiltered (5 kDa) and colloid-enriched fractions of estuarine samples. The samples were collected over the full salinity range during a period when the pH was relatively constant (8.2–8.5) throughout the estuary, allowing the influence of salinity on estuarine colloidal processes to be distinguished. The properties examined in the bulk, the low molecular weight (LMW) and the colloidal fraction (HMW) were UV–visible absorption, 3-D fluorescence excitation–emission matrix (EEM) spectrum, inorganic and organic carbon, mean size (by dynamic light scattering), and size distribution by flow field-flow fractionation analysis (FlFFF). The combined results of these analyses support the view that river-borne, humic-rich colloids underwent two types of transformation upon mixing with the seawater end member. The first one resulted in an apparent increase in the abundance of LMW constituents and may be explained by coiling of the individual humic macromolecules. The second one resulted in an increase in the mean size measured in both the lower and higher colloidal size ranges, and may be explained by aggregation of colloids to form entities that were still mostly colloidal i.e., smaller than 0.4 µm. The LMW contribution to the bulk optical properties increased with increasing salinity. Very similar findings were obtained from simulated mixing experiments using a Nordic Reference NOM extract as a source of freshwater colloids. This indicates that changes in the molecular architecture and molar mass of river-borne colloids—not changes in their chemical nature—were responsible for the observed variations in the spectral characteristics of CDOM in this estuary.  相似文献
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