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提要:前人报道在西藏中生代和俄罗斯极地乌拉尔早古生代蛇绿岩地幔橄榄岩铬铁矿中发现了金刚石等深部地幔矿物,认为需重新考虑铬铁矿浅部成因的传统认识。为了查明不同造山带蛇绿岩的铬铁矿中金刚石等深部矿物的分布规律和豆荚状铬铁矿的成因,笔者开展了内蒙古贺根山晚古生代蛇绿岩中的铬铁矿床的人工重砂矿物学研究,本研究获得约2000 kg的内蒙古贺根山蛇绿岩铬铁矿石样品,对所采样品开展人工重砂选矿,表明该铬铁矿矿石样品中至少有金刚石、碳硅石及其他自然元素类、金属互化物类、氧化物类、硫化物类、硅酸盐类等30余种矿物。内蒙—大兴安岭造山带晚古生代的内蒙古贺根山蛇绿岩带铬铁矿石中,发现金刚石等深部地幔矿物表明,贺根山铬铁矿可能为深部成因。  相似文献
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Diamond,moissanite and a variety of other minerals,similar to those reported from ophiolites in Tibet and northern Russia,have recently been discovered in chromitites of the Hegenshan ophiolite of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt,north China. The chromitites are small,podiform and vein-like bodies hosted in dunite,clinopyroxene-bearing peridotite,troctolite and gabbro. All of the analysed chromite grains are relatively Al-rich,with Cr# [100Cr/(Cr+Al)] of about 47–53. Preliminary studies of mainly disseminated chromitite from ore body No. 3756 have identified more than 30 mineral species in addition to diamond and moissanite. These include oxides(mostly hematite,magnetite,rutile,anatase,cassiterite,and quartz),sulfides(pyrite,marcasite and others),silicates(magnesian olivine,enstatite,augite,diopside,uvarovite,pyrope,orthoclase,zircon,sphene,vesuvianite,chlorite and serpentine) and others(e.g.,calcite,monazite,glauberite,iowaite and a range of metallic alloys). This study demonstrates that diamond,moissanite and other exotic minerals can occur in high-Al,as well as high-Cr chromites,and significantly extends the geographic and age range of known diamond-bearing ophiolites.  相似文献
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