首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   5篇
  完全免费   2篇
  海洋学   7篇
  2015年   1篇
  2012年   2篇
  2011年   1篇
  2010年   1篇
  2004年   1篇
  2002年   1篇
排序方式: 共有7条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1
1.
莱州湾南岸滨海湿地的退化及其生态恢复和重建对策   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
受气候变化,河流断流,海洋灾害,污染,围垦,海水入侵,盐业、养殖业的发展,过度捕捞,过度开发利用水资源,不合理的工程建设等因素的影响,近30多年来莱州湾南岸滨海湿地呈现明显的退化趋势。如自然湿地面积减小、植被退化、人工湿地面积扩大、湿地生物多样性受损、渔业资源衰退等。作者针对导致湿地退化的原因提出了减轻海洋灾害、合理发展盐业和渔业生产、严格控制污染物入海、恢复湿地水文条件以满足湿地生态需水、建设人工芦苇湿地等退化湿地的生态恢复和重建对策。  相似文献
2.
In recent years,owing to global warming and the rising sea levels,beach nourishment and groin building have been increasingly employed to protect coastal land from shoreline erosion.These actions may degrade beach habitats and reduce biomass and invertebrate density at sites where they were employed.We conducted an eco-environmental evaluation at the Anping artificial beach-nourishment project area.At this site,sand piles within a semi-enclosed spur groin have been enforced by use of eco-engineering concepts since 2003.Four sampling sites were monitored during the study period from July 2002 to September 2008.The environmental impact assessment and biological investigations that we conducted are presented here.The results from this study indicate that both biotic(number of species,number of individual organisms,and Shannon-Wiener diversity) and abiotic parameters(suspended solids,biological oxygen demand,chemical oxygen demand,dissolved inorganic nitrogen,dissolved inorganic phosphorus,total phosphorus,total organic carbon,median diameter,and water content) showed significant differences before and after beach engineering construction.Biological conditions became worse in the beginning stages of the engineering but improved after the restoration work completion.This study reveals that the composition of benthic invertebrates changed over the study period,and two groups of organisms,Bivalvia and Gastropoda,seemed to be particularly suitable to this habitat after the semi-enclosed artificial structures completion.  相似文献
3.
Identifying Indicator Species in Habitats Created by Coastal Structures   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
In this paper,three approachs were developed to find indicator species from the habitat created by coastal structures.These approachs consist of a model of species co-occurrence probability,a model of k-environmental factor probability and a composite model.Simultaneously,a case study was conducted in Hsinchu Fishing Port of north-western Taiwan.Based on the aforementioned models,three primary producer species,Ahnfeltiopsis flabelliformis,Chondrus ocellatus and Sarcodia montagneana,were chosen as the indicator species which had the highest co-occurrence probabilities and showed greater tolerance to more critical environment.It is imperative to understand how the three species under particular co-occurring conditions and environmental factors influence the composition of sessile assemblages in coastal water.The results indicate that for the purpose of increasing biodiversity,these models are feasible to find indicator species of artificial structures,and to help make it possible to design coastal structures based on biological considerations.This study provides an innovative approach for further advanced application in the artificial habitat of coast management.  相似文献
4.
陈瑞琛  黄义雄 《台湾海峡》2002,21(2):252-257
本文分析了厦门海沧海岸地区花岗岩资源开发利用现状和存在的问题,运用生态恢复理论讨论了矿山采石高难度地生态恢复技术途径和模式。  相似文献
5.
近年来黄河人海淡水量显著降低,而且年内分布极其不均匀,河口区的盐度场发生了重大变化.准确了解河口近岸海域的低盐区面积及其变化趋势,对于河口生态系统的研究极为重要.本文通过对2004-2009年丰、枯水期黄河口近岸海域低盐区面积大小的分析,建立了低盐区面积与黄河径流量的关系.结果表明,2004-2009年丰、枯水期低盐区面积与月径流量均呈现较好的线性关系,增加单位平方千米盐度小于27的低盐区面积需要增加的月径流量约为0.046亿m3;若要维持紧邻河口的3号方区海域的平均盐度小于27,月径流量应保持在50亿m3以上.此外,年内黄河口近岸海域低盐区面积的较大值主要集中在6~11月份,均高于370km2,而4、5月份的低盐区面积却不足200 km2,春季生态补水刻不容缓.  相似文献
6.
在对胶州湾湿地退化现状进行分析和总结的基础上, 研究其退化表现和影响因素(自然因素、人为因素)。依据实际情况, 在管理层面和技术层面提出了胶州湾湿地的修复措施, 包括加大环保宣传力度, 提高生态安全意识; 加强综合管理手段, 建立完善法制法规; 探寻绿色生态路线, 推广植物修复手段; 建立浅滩湿地恢复与补水工程; 建立湿地自然保护区, 发展湿地生态旅游; 制定湿地总体规划, 开展广泛国际合作。  相似文献
7.
CRT(Controlled Reduced Tide)技术是一种河口潮间带潮汐栖息地恢复新技术,原理是使用简单的水闸结构将已建堤坝改良,通过恢复潮汐频率实现潮汐栖息地的生态修复。与已有恢复技术相比,CRT系统易于管理,并且能使潮汐栖息地的恢复效果更接近自然潮汐状态。目前,CRT技术已在比利时Schelde河口进行试验研究,并成功地修复了潮汐沼泽的植被生态,我国尚无CRT应用实例。以比利时Schelde河口CRT系统为例,阐明该系统对潮汐频率、植物、潮汐通道、土壤重金属及动物这五个方面的修复效果及优势,其应用经验可为我国河口潮汐栖息地的生态恢复提供行之有效的技术选择。  相似文献
1
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号