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贾小龙  李崇银 《气象学报》2007,65(6):837-855
利用中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学和地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室(LASG)的大气环流模式(SAMIL-R42L9)研究了热带大气季节内振荡(MJO)的模拟对积云对流参数化方案的敏感性,结果表明两种对流参数化方案——湿对流调整方案(MCA)和Zhang-McFarlane(1995年)方案对MJO的模拟能力有明显的差异。MCA方案较好地模拟出了MJO的基本特征,包括季节内的时间尺度和向东的传播。Zhang-McFarlane(1995年)对流方案模拟的MJO振幅非常弱,而且缺乏连续的传播特征,在MJO的演变过程中弱的低层水汽辐合使MJO难以维持和传播。两种不同的对流参数化方案产生的非绝热加热垂直廓线明显不同,Zhang-McFarlane(1995年)方案产生的非绝热加热强度在对流层各层过于一致,没有明显的最大加热层,而且平均的加热强度太弱,这是该方案难以模拟出合理的MJO的主要原因之一。因此,模式对热带大气季节内振荡的模拟能力很大程度上依赖于所使用的积云对流参数化方案,当积云参数化方案改变时模式模拟的MJO也发生明显变化,而非绝热加热廓线是对流参数化方案影响MJO模拟的一个重要影响因子。3种不同的非绝热加热垂直分布的敏感性试验表明,当最大的加热层位于对流层中低层尤其是对流层中层时,更容易产生出与观测较为接近的季节内的扰动,而当最大加热位于对流层高层时,更易于激发出西传的扰动。  相似文献
2.
The sensitivity of the simulated tropical intraseasonal oscillation or MJO (Madden and Julian oscilla tion)to different cumulus parameterizations is studied by using an atmospheric general circulation model (GCM)-SAMIL(Spectral Atmospheric Model of IAP LASG).Results show that performance of the model in simulating the MJO alters widely when using two different cumulus parameterization schemes-the moist convective adjustment scheme(MCA)and the Zhang-McFarlane(ZM)scheme.MJO simulated by the MCA scheme was found to be more realistic than that simulated by the ZM scheme.MJO produced by the ZM scheme is too weak and shows little propagation characteristics.Weak moisture convergence at low levels simulated by the ZM scheme is not enough to maintain the structure and the eastward propagation of the oscillation.These two cumulus schemes produced different vertical structures of the heating profile.The heating profile produced by the ZM scheme is nearly uniform with height and the heating is too weak compared to that produced by the MCA,which maybe contributes greatly to the failure of simulating a reasonable MJO.Comparing the simulated MJO by these two schemes indicate that the MJO simulated by the GCM is highly sensitive to cumulus parameterizations implanted in.The diabatic heating profile plays an important role in the performance of the GCM.Three sensitivity experiments with different heating profiles are designed in which modified heating profiles peak respectively in the upper troposphere(UH), middle troposphere(MH),and lower troposphere(LH).Both the LH run and the MH run produce eastward propagating signals on the intraseasonal timescale,while it is interesting that the intraseasonal timescale signals produced by the UH run propagate westward.It indicates that a realistic intraseasonal oscillation is more prone to be excited when the maximum heating concentrates in the middle-low levels,especially in the middle levels,while westward propagating disturbances axe more prone to be produced when the maximum heating appears very high.  相似文献
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The sensitivity of the simulated tropical intraseasonal oscillation or MJO (Madden and Julian oscillation) to different cumulus parameterizations is studied by using an atmospheric general circulation model(GCM)-SAMIL (Spectral Atmospheric Model of IAP LASG). Results show that performance of the modelin simulating the MJO alters widely when using two di erent cumulus parameterization schemes-the moistconvective adjustment scheme (MCA) and the Zhang-McFarlane (ZM) scheme. MJO simulated by the MCAscheme was found to be more realistic than that simulated by the ZM scheme. MJO produced by the ZM scheme is too weak and shows little propagation characteristics. Weak moisture convergence at low levels simulated by the ZM scheme is not enough to maintain the structure and the eastward propagation of the oscillation. These two cumulus schemes produced di erent vertical structures of the heating pro le. The heating profile produced by the ZM scheme is nearly uniform with height and the heating is too weak compared to that produced by the MCA, which maybe contributes greatly to the failure of simulating a reasonable MJO. Comparing the simulated MJO by these two schemes indicate that the MJO simulated by the GCM is highly sensitive to cumulus parameterizations implanted in. The diabatic heating profile plays an important role in the performance of the GCM. Three sensitivity experiments with di erent heating pro les are designed in which modified heating pro les peak respectively in the upper troposphere (UH), middle troposphere (MH), and lower troposphere (LH). Both the LH run and the MH run produce eastward propagating signals on the intraseasonal timescale, while it is interesting that the intraseasonal timescale signals produced by the UH run propagate westward. It indicates that a realistic intraseasonal oscillation is more prone to be excited when the maximum heating concentrates in the middle-low levels, especially in the middle levels, while westward propagating disturbances are more prone to be produced when the maximum heating appears very high.  相似文献
4.
基于中国科学院大气物理所大气环流模式IAP AGCM4.0总共30年(1979~2008年)的模拟结果,评估了IAP AGCM4.0模式对热带大气季节内振荡的模拟能力。分析结果表明IAP AGCM4.0模式可以在一定程度上模拟出热带大气季节内振荡的主要时空谱结构特征,在周期30~80天处存在明显的谱能量中心;模式模拟的季节内振荡东传的主要特征与观测基本一致,东移波的能量远大于西移波。基于RMM指数(All-season Real-time Multivariate MJO Index)的分析表明,模式模拟的850 hPa和200 hPa季节内尺度风场和对流活动在赤道地区的空间分布与观测基本一致。但与观测相比,模式模拟的热带大气季节内振荡的周期较短,东传速度快于观测,虚假的西传特征过强,对流活跃区域范围较小、强度较弱。就非绝热加热而言,模式模拟结果与再分析资料比较接近,但最大加热在印度洋和西太平洋地区出现的位相较晚。进一步分析表明,模式中影响对流触发的相对湿度阈值(RHc)的不同取值(RHc分别取为85%、90%、95%和100%),可以显著影响热带大气非绝热加热垂直廓线,从而影响模式对热带大气季节内振荡的模拟;当对流触发相对湿度阈值取为90%时,IAP AGCM4.0模式对热带大气季节内振荡模拟的能力相对最好,非绝热加热垂直廓线在不同位相的分布特征也与再分析资料最为接近。这说明模式对流参数化方案中不同参数的合适选取,可以改进模式对热带大气季节内振荡的模拟能力。  相似文献
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